Diamond comes from the Greek word adamas, meaning unconquerable.
Diamond is hard and on the moh’s hardness scale it measures 10 – the maximum a stone can measure. There is nothing that can be compared to its hardness: therefore it is nearly imperishable. the hardest natural material found on earth and is made from crystallized carbon. The only thing that may damage a diamond is another diamond.
Diamond is found in Australia, Zaire, Botswana, Russia, South Africa and parts of South America. The majority of diamonds mined are only suitable for industrial use. Only about 20% of all diamonds can be used for jewellery.
Diamond is judged by four distinct factors that combine together determining its value; this method is called the 4 C’s. The higher the grade in each of these four characteristics, the more valuable and rare it will be.
Cut – How does the diamond handle light and has it been cut to ideal proportions?
Colour – How white is the diamond and does it have any yellow tinting?
Clarity – Fewer inclusions or natural flaws, the rarer the diamond
Carat – Method determining the weight and size
Diamond is forever brilliant and will never diminish unlike diamond simulants. Brilliant cut diamonds have 58 facets. Diamonds come in all colours of the rainbow. The most valuable diamonds tend to be blue, green, reds and pinks. In 1477 the Archduke Maximilian of Austria gave a diamond ring to Mary of Burgundy, and so began the tradition of the diamond engagement ring. The world’s most famous diamond is known as the Cullinan. Its individual weight is 530.20 carats and is pear shape. It was cut from the largest diamond ever found (3106 carats) together with 104 other stones.